HISTORY



USAAF Advance Landing Ground R-85
Unter Biberg, Germany

ALG R-85 was located at the former Luftwaffe jet-fighter airdrome at Unter Biberg, just south of Munich. Elements of all three batteries of the 225th were stationed here at war's end. Photos taken at R-85 during the Summer of 1945, when the base had been redesignated "Camp Rattle," are available here. Today, the airfield has been integrated into the grounds of the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Neubiberg. Modern views of the airfield are available at Neubiberg Then & Now.

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LUFTWAFFE HANGER
The old Luftwaffe hangers at Unter Biberg, pictured in 1946 when the base was occupied by the 59th Fighter Squadron (33rd Fighter Group), flying P-51Ds (note the sign painted on the outside wall of the hanger). In the foreground is a visiting British RAF Hawker Tempest II of No. 26 Squadron operating out of Gutersloh. Visible in the left background is a section of the former Luftwaffe barracks (compare to photo appearing below), which were occupied by the 225th in May 1945.

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Airstrip Profile

Designation(s) Country Site(s) of Airstrip 225th Components Assigned
R-85 GERMANY Unter Biberg
(Neubiberg)
Battery A
Battery B
Battery C

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Airstrip Locator Maps

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AIRFIELD ICON

Airstrip Facts and Chronology

  • 15th Air Force B-24s bomb the airdrome, February 16, 1945
  • Battery A HQ, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 16, 1945
  • Battery A, 1st Platoon, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 16, 1945 and departs June 24, 1945
  • Battery B HQ, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 17, 1945
  • Battery B, 1st Platoon, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 17, 1945
  • Battery C HQ, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 19, 1945
  • Battery C, 1st Platoon, 225th AAA S/L Btn arrives June 19, 1945

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Photo File

HANGER
A Luftwaffe hanger at Unter Biberg, Summer 1945. The 225th kept the hangers illuminated at night as part of the airstrip security defense role the unit carried out after V-E day. Several Allied reconnaissance planes can be seen just in front of the open doors; just a few months before, Me262 jets occupied the same tarmac. When the lead elements of the 225th arrived in early May, the runways were strewn with a mix of 262s and Focke-Wulf Fw190s that had been abandoned by the retreating Germans because they had no fuel to fly them.

KASERNE
The former Luftwaffe barracks at Unter Biberg as they looked in 1945. That Summer, personnel of the 225th occupied these barracks, which still survive today on the grounds of the University of the Federal Armed Forces.

CONTROL TOWER

The control tower (back) at "Fliegerhorst Neubiberg," depicted after the war (most likely 1947), 10 years after it was erected in 1936-37.

CONTROL TOWER

Another view of the control tower (front, runway side). From there, many Me262 takeoffs and landings were handled during Spring 1945.

JET ON AUTOBAHN
Since the jet airdrome at Unter Biberg was a target for the USAAF strategic bomber forces, some of the Me262s stationed there were hidden in forest rivetments just off the nearby Munich-Salzburg autobahn. In this uncaptioned U. S. Army photo, it is unclear whether this Stürmvogel was operational or damaged. In April and May 1945, such aircraft were secreted away whether they could fly or not in the hope of a reversal in military fortunes or the receipt of precious fuel.

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