HISTORY



THE USAAF PAGE (62 K)
The USAAF in the ETO
Combat Chronology: June 1944

THURSDAY, 1 JUNE 1944

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, around 100 B-26s bomb
airfields and coastal defense batteries from the Belgian border to the
Cherbourg Peninsula.


FRIDAY, 2 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): The role of the heavy bombers from
2-5 Jun in preparation for the invasion of Normandy on 6 Jun includes
continuation of attacks against transportation and airfield targets in N
France and the institution of a series of blows against coastal defenses,
mainly located in the Pas de Calais coastal area, to deceive the enemy as to
the sector to be invaded (Operation COVER).
Mission 384: In the morning, 521 of 633 B-17s and 284 of 293 B-24s hit V-
weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 11 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is
KIA, 1 WIA and 1 MIA.
Mission 385: In the afternoon, 242 B-17s are dispatched to railroad targets
in the Paris area; 163 hit the primaries, 49 hit Conches Airfield, 12 hit
Beaumont-sur-Oise Airfield and 1 hits Caen/Carpiquet Airfield; 77 B-24s are
dispatched to Bretigny Airfield in France; 13 hit the primary target, 47 hit
Creil Airfield and 14 hit Villeneuve Airfield; 2 B-17s and 5 B-24s are lost,
2 B-24s are damaged beyond repair and 90 B-17s and 37 B-24s damaged; 1 airman
is KIA, 4 WIA and 68 MIA.
3 of 7 P-38s hit the Ostend Bridge, Belgium without loss.
3 B-17s fly weather reconnaissance over the Atlantic.
During the evening, 5 B-17s drop leaflets on targets in Belgium and
France; and 18 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER operations.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): A special conference for ground
liaison officers is held by 21 Army Group officers who present a detailed
exposition of the plan for the landings in Normandy.
In France, about 350 B-26s and A-20s bomb NOBALL (V-weapon) targets and
coastal defense batteries along the English Channel coast; P-38s and P-47s
dive-bomb targets in the area, including V-weapon sites, fuel dump, railroad
junctions and bridges.


SATURDAY, 3 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): In Operation COVER, two missions,
both designated Mission 388, are flown. In the first, 219 of 238 B-17s and
120 of 124 B-24s attack coastal defenses in the Pas de Calais, France area,
bombing a total of 22 targets; 21 B-17s and 24 B-24s are damaged; no
casualties. Escort is provided by 91 P-38s and 129 P-47s. In the second raid,
97 of 102 B-17s and 98 of 104 B-24s hit 16 of the same targets hit in the
morning; 2 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 102 P-38s, 34 P-47s and
83 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost and 1 P-38 is damaged; 1 airman is MIA.
During the night, 23 B-24s participate in CARPETBAGGER operations in
France.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 250+ B-26s and A-20s bomb airfields,
highway bridges, and coastal defense batteries in N France; 400+ P-38s and
P-47s dive-bomb targets in NW Europe.


SUNDAY, 4 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Three mission are flown to France.
In the first mission (Mission 389), the effort is to be divided between the
Pas de Calais (COVER) area and the Normandy assault (NEPTUNE) area, however,
D-Day is postponed 24 hrs and the NEPTUNE force is cancelled. 183 of 201
B-17s and 51 of 56 B-24s attack 7 targets in the Pas de Calais area; 10 B-17s
are damaged; no casualties. Escorting are 130 P-47s and 42 P-51s; 2 P-51s are
lost; no casualties. In the second mission (Mission 390) 222 of 246 B-17s and
53 of 68 B-24s bomb 8 coastal defense positions in the same area using PFF; 1
B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 12 B-17s and 6 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman
is KIA. The third mission consists of 263 B-17s and 185 B-24s hitting
airfields, railway junctions and bridges; of the B-17s, 96 hit the Massey/
Palaiseau railroad bridge, 50 hit the Versailles/Metelots railroad bridge and
34 hit the Villeneuve/St George railroad bridge; of the B-24s, 23 hit
Brourges Airfield, 72 hit the Romorantin/Prunieres Airfield, 56 hit the Avord
Airfield, 55 hit the Bretigny Airfield and 8 hit the Melun bridges; 1 B-17
and 3 B-24s are damaged beyond repair; 34 B-17s and 27 B-24s are damaged; 10
airmen are KIA and 4 WIA. Escort is 135 P-47s and 277 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0
Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged;
no casualties.
2 B-17s fly weather reconnaissance over the UK and the Atlantic.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 300+ B-26s and A-20s
bomb highway bridge and coastal batteries; almost 200 P-47s and P-51s dive-
bomb bridges, railroad junction, rolling stock and targets of opportunity.


MONDAY, 5 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 392: 423 of 464 B-17s and
203 of 206 B-24s hit coastal defenses in the Le Havre, Caen, Boulogne and
Cherbourg, France areas; 4 B-17s and 2 B-24s are lost, 1 B-24 is damaged
beyond repair and 37 B-17s and 39 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 10 WIA
and 47 MIA. Escorting are 127 P-47s and 245 P-51s; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost
and 1 P-47 is damaged beyond repair.
Mission 393: In France, 7 of 8 P-51 fighter-bomber attack a truck convoy
near Lille; the 8th P-51 bombs Lille/Vendeville Airfield; no losses.
In preparation for D-Day, 3 B-17s fly weather reconnaissance over the UK
and the Atlantic Ocean.
During the night, 11 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions; 1 B-24 is lost over
Belgium.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 100+ B-26s bomb coastal
defense batteries; 100+ P-47s dive-bomb targets in the same area.


TUESDAY, 6 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): The Eighth Air Force reaches its
top strength as the 493d Bombardment Group (Heavy) becomes operational,
making a total of 40 heavy bomber groups now operational.
Heavy bombers fly 4 missions in support of the Normandy invasion:
1. Mission 394: At first light, 659 of 882 B-17s and 418 of 543 B-24s hit
coastal targets in the area of the invasion beaches between Le Havre and
Cherbourg; overcast and inability of the bombers to locate (or absence of)
PFF leaders causes failure of some units to attack; 1 B-24 is lost, 1 B-24 is
damaged beyond repair and 14 B-17s and 1 B-24 are damaged; 12 airmen are KIA,
2 WIA and 13 MIA.
2. Mission 394: The second mission strikes at transportation chokepoints in
towns immediately around the assault area; total cloud cover causes 84 B-17s
and 259 B-24s dispatched to return with their bombs but 37 B-24s manage to
bomb secondary target of Argentan; 2 B-24s are lost and 1 B-17 is damaged;
no casualties.
3. Mission 395: The third mission is dispatched against the important
communications center of Caen; 58 of 73 B-24s bomb through overcast skies
without loss.
4. Mission 395: Transportation chokepoints in towns immediately S and E of
the assault area are the objectives of the fourth mission; 325 of 409 B-17s
and 125 of 300 B-24s hit targets including Vire, Saint-Lo, Coutances,
Falaise, Lisieux, Thury-Harcourt, Pont-l'Eveque, Argentan, and Conde-sur-
Noireau; 1 B-24 is lost, 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 11 B-24s and 5
B-17s are damaged; 10 airmen are KIA.
In all, 1,729 bombers drop 3,596 tons of bombs during D-Day.
The VIII Fighter Command has the threefold mission of escorting bombers,
attacking any movement toward the assault area, and protecting Allied
shipping. The fighters fly 1,880 sorties including fighter-bomber attacks
against 17 bridges, 10 marshalling yards, and a variety of other targets
including convoy, railroad cars, siding, rail and highway junctions, tunnel,
and a dam. Very little air opposition is encountered. The fighters claim
26-0-8 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 4-0-9 on the ground. Also destroyed
are 21 locomotives and 2 carloads of ammunition. Numerous targets are damaged
including locomotives, trucks, tank cars, armored vehicles, goods carriers,
barges, and tugboats. Targets attacked with unreported results include
warehouses, radar towers, barracks, troops, artillery, staff cars, 85 trains,
and a variety of other targets. 25 fighters are lost.
Mission 396: During the night, 12 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the
Low Countries.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 800+ A-20s and B-26s bomb coastal
defense batteries, rail and road junctions and bridges, and marshalling yards
in support of the invasion; 2,000+ fighters fly sweeps, escort for B-26s and
C-47s, ground support, and dive-bombing missions over W France. During the
preceding night and during the day over 1,400 C-47s, C-53's, and gliders
deliver glider troops and paratroops, including 3 full airborne divisions,
which are to secure beach exits to facilitate inland movement of seaborne
assault troops. A total of about 30 aircraft are lost.


WEDNESDAY, 7 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): The Allied Expeditionary Air Force
(AEAF) directs air attacks against congested points to delay movement of more
enemy forces into the assault area. In the first mission (Mission 397) in
the morning, 182 B-17s and 291 B-24s, including 20 PFFs, are dispatched; of
the B-17s, 58 hit Conde sur Noireau, 60 hit Flers, and 54 hit Falaise; of the
B-24s, 66 hit Argentan, 19 hit Vascoeuil, 61 hit Laigle and 83 hit Lisieux;
1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 17 B-17s are damaged; 8 airmen are KIA
and 3 WIA.
In the second mission (Mission 398) in the afternoon, 487 B-17s and 88
B-24s are dispatched; the primary targets for the B-17s are Nantes (190 bomb)
and the Kerlin/Bastard Airfield (132 bomb); 23 B-17s hit Niort and 40 hit the
Nantes Bridge; the primary target for the B-24s is Tours/La Roche (12 bomb)
and 13 hit Pouance, 13 hit Blain, 13 hit Chateaubriand, 25 hit Laval
Airfield, 12 hit Vitre and 3 hit Tours; 1 B-17 and 1 B-24 are lost, 1 B-17
and 7 B-24s are damaged beyond repair and 78 B-17s and 96 B-24s are damaged;
21 airmen are KIA, 12 WIA and 12 MIA. Heavy cloud prevents almost 100 others
from bombing targets.
VIII Fighter Command furnishes area support for beachhead areas in the
early morning and to heavy bomber operations at midday and in the late
afternoon, at the same time maintaining harassment of communications and
flying shipping patrol. 526 P-38s and 294 P-51s patrol the beachhead and
provide escort in N France; they claim 2-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air
and 0-0-2 on the ground; 8 P-51s are lost; 1 airman is KIA and 7 MIA. 505
P-47s and 148 P-51s engage in general strafing over N France and claim
29-1-12 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 25-0-12 on the ground; 10 P-47s and
4 P-51s are lost and 3 P-51s are damaged beyond repair; 1 airman is KIA and
12 MIA.
Mission 399: 10 B-17s drop leaflets over The Netherlands, France and
Belgium.
14 B-24s participate in CARPETBAGGER operations in France.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 600+ B-26s hit bridges, junctions,
trestles, coastal and field batteries, and marshalling yards in France in
support of the invasion; 1,100+ fighters support ground troops by dive
bombing and strafing, escort B-26s and C-47s, and make sweeps throughout the
battle area as Bayeux is liberated and the Bayeux-Caen road is cut; and 400+
C-47s, C-53's, and gliders resupply paratroops in the assault area.


THURSDAY, 8 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 400: 1,178 bombers and
1,353 fighter sorties are flown on communications in France to isolate German
forward elements, and airfields are bombed to prevent Luftwaffe support.
Cloud conditions prevent 400+ bombers from executing attacks.
1. 640 B-17s are dispatched to La Frilliere (66 bomb), Orleans (36 bomb),
Rennes Airfield (30 bomb), Orleans/Les Aubrais marshalling yard (60 bomb),
Nantes (25 bomb), La Huchetiere (31 bomb), Tours/La Riche (61 bomb) and Cinq
Mars bridge (57 bomb); 18 hit Bruz, 2 hit Rennes and 13 hit targets of
opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 63 damaged; 11
airmen are KIA and 10 MIA.
2. 538 B-24s are dispatched to Pontaubault (67 bomb), Angers/St Laud (24
bomb), Angers (19 bomb), Le Mans/Arnage Airfield (14 bomb), Pontaubault (13
bomb), Nantes (42 bomb) and Cinq Mars bridge (55 bomb); 5 hit Dinon, 1 hits
Precey, 1 hits Cinq Mars bridge, 30 hit Grandville Harbor, 19 hit a bridge at
Rennes, 9 hit Precey and 26 hit targets of opportunity; an attack on the
Melun bridge by an Azon unit is foiled by clouds; 2 B-24s are lost, 3 damaged
beyond repair and 73 damaged; 17 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 20 MIA.
Escort for the bombers is provided by 116 P-51s; they claim 3-0-1 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost and 1 is damaged beyond repair.
Other fighter-bomber missions are:
1. 381 P-38s, 24 P-47s and 89 P-51s fly sweeps and patrols along the
Normandy beachhead and the Channel area; P-47s claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 3 P-51s are lost; 1 P-38 and 1 P-51 are damaged beyond repair.
2. 333 P-47s and 526 P-51s fly fighter-bomber missions against
communications in NW France; they claim 27-2-4 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air
and 21-0-11 on the ground; 6 P-47s and 11 P-51s are lost; 1 P-51 is damaged
beyond repair.
Overall, the fighters fly 1,405 sorties and attack nearly 75 targets; 1
pilot is KIA and 21 MIA during the day.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): Around 400 B-26s attack rail and
road bridges and junctions, rail sidings, marshalling yards, town areas, fuel
storage tanks, ammunition dumps, troop concentration and strong points in the
Calais, France area. Around 1,300 fighter sorties provide support to B-26s
and high cover over the assault area, and bomb and strafe bridges,
marshalling yards, gun batteries, rail facilities, vehicles, towns, and troop
concentrations.
125th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached principally to
Headquarters Command, ETO), arrives at Cheltenham, England from the US with
L-5s; first mission is in Aug 44.

US STRATEGIC AIR FORCES IN EUROPE (USSTAF): General Carl Spaatz, Commanding
General, places oil as the first priority target for USSTAF as a result of
the destructive effect achieved by several missions against oil centers in
May 44.


FRIDAY, 9 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Bad weather prevents bomber
operations; P-38s attempt to cover shipping in the English Channel; 7th
Photographic Group (Reconnaissance) dispatches 5 aircraft but they all turn
back due to weather; and 2 B-17s fly weather flights over the UK and the
Atlantic Ocean.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): HQ 70th Fighter Wing moves from
Ibsley, England to Criqueville, France; and 112th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air
Force (attached principally to Headquarters Command, ETO) arrives at Kingston
Deverill, England from the US with L-5s.


SATURDAY, 10 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 403: Bad weather restricts
operations to NW France; 883 bombers and 1,491 fighter sorties are flown but
200+ bombers abort due to cloud conditions; 1 bomber and 24 fighters are lost.
1. 507 B-17s are dispatched to Equihen (24 bomb), Hardelot (23 bomb), St
Gabriel (26 bomb), Gael Airfield (36 bomb), Nantes/Bouguenais Airfield (55
bomb), Vannes Airfield (59 bomb), Berck (26 bomb), Merlimont Plage (39 bomb),
and Toucquet-Paris-Plage (10 bomb); 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 36
damaged; 6 airmen are KIA and 4 WIA.
2. 257 B-24s are dispatched to Wimereau (23 bomb), Boulogne (34 bomb),
Dreux Airfield (26 bomb), Evreux/Fauville Airfield (65 bomb) and Boulogne (13
bomb); 39 others hit Conches Airfield; 1 B-24 is lost, 2 are damaged beyond
repair and 28 damaged; 10 airmen are MIA.
3. 119 B-24s are dispatched to Chateaudun Airfield (45 bomb) and Orleans/
Bricy Airfield (66 bomb) without loss.
VIII Fighter Command missions during the day are:
1. 405 P-38s fly sweep and escort; they claim 5-2-1 Luftwaffe aircraft.
2. 3 P-47s and 364 P-51s provided escort for the bombers above; they claim
0-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; 7 fighters are lost.
3. 506 P-47s and 213 P-51s fly fighter-bomber missions against
communications targets in the beachhead area; they claim 8-0-2 Luftwaffe
aircraft in the air and 1-0-1 on the ground; 15 P-47s and 2 P-51 are lost; 3
P-47s and a P-51 are damaged beyond repair.
During the day, 1 fighter pilot is KIA and 24 are MIA.
Mission 404: During the evening, 11 B-17s drop leaflets on Norway and
France without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 500+ B-26s and A-20s bomb
targets in the assault area including military concentrations, road and rail
bridges and junctions, artillery batteries, marshalling yards and town areas;
aircraft of 15+ fighter groups fly escort to bombers and transports, and bomb
numerous targets in support of the ground assault, including rail facilities,
roads, troop concentrations, artillery, and town areas; HQ IX Tactical Air
Command moves from Uxbridge, England to Au Gay.


SUNDAY, 11 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 405: Weather prevents
operations against priority targets in Germany so the bombers attack targets
in France; 1,055 bombers and 914 fighter sorties are flown; over 400 bombers
abort or fail to bomb due to clouds and absence or malfunction of Pathfinders;
3 bombers and 8 fighters are lost:
1. 471 B-17s are dispatched to airfields at Beaumont-le-Roger (38 bomb),
Bernay/St Martin (50 bomb) and Dinard/Pluertuit (37 bomb), and Toucquet-Paris-
Plage (27 bomb), Merlimont Plage (34 bomb), Pontaubault Bridge (50 bomb) and
Berck (36 bomb); 33 others hit Conches Airfield and 4 hit targets of
opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 11 damaged; 20
airmen are MIA.
2. 584 B-24s are dispatched to airfields at Cormeilles-en-Vexin (34 bomb),
Beauvais/Nivelliers (27 bomb), Beaumont-sur-Oise (36 bomb) and Creil (19
bomb) and Vicomte-sur-Rance (19 bomb), Montford Bridge (18 bomb) and Blois/St
Denis (41 bomb); 12 others hit Beauvais/Tille Airfield, 7 hit Poix Airfield,
32 hit Montauban marshalling yard and 52 hit targets of opportunity; 1 B-24
is lost and 14 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 3 WIA and 4 MIA.
87 P-47s and 144 P-51s provide escort for the bombers without loss.
Other fighter missions are:
1. 143 P-38s patrol the beachhead and claim 2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft
without loss.
2. 77 P-38s, 195 P-47s and 268 P-51s fly fighter-bomber missions against
communications targets in NW France; the P-38s claim 3-2-5 Luftwaffe aircraft
in the air and 0-0-1 on the ground; 3 P-38s, 1 P-47 and 4 P-51s are lost; 7
of the 8 pilots are MIA.
Mission 406: During the night, 5 B-17s drop leaflets on France and the Low
Countries without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 129 B-26s and A-20s bomb
rail and road bridges and intersections, rail lines, oil tanks, artillery and
town areas, in morning operations; bad weather prevents afternoon operations;
10 fighter groups fly escort and strafe and bomb bridges, railroads, gun
emplacements, rail and road traffic and marshalling yards in support of
ground troops.


MONDAY, 12 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 407: With bad weather over
top priority targets in Germany, 1,442 bombers are dispatched against
airfields and landing grounds in NE France and rail and road bridges on the
Brest Peninsula; 691 of 769 B-17s and 586 of 673 B-24s hit 16 airfields and
6 railroad bridges in the Rennes and St Nazaire area; they claim 1-1-0
Luftwaffe aircraft; 6 B-17s and 2 B-24s are lost; 1 B-17 and 2 B-24s are
damaged beyond repair; and 188 B-17s and 52 B-24s are damaged; 7 airmen are
KIA, 14 WIA and 58 MIA.
988 fighter sorties are flown with the loss of 16 aircraft; 15 pilots are
MIA:
1. 234 P-38s, 80 P-47s and 201 P-51s fly escort, sweeps and patrols over
the Channel NW of Paris and in the Rennes area; they claim 20-0-8 Luftwaffe
aircraft in the air and 1-0-0 on the ground; 3 P-38s, 1 P-47 and 3 P-51s
are lost; 1 P-38 is damaged beyond repair.
2. 93 P-38s and 183 P-47s fly fighter-bomber missions against 5 railroad
bridges in the Tours-Paris area; they claim 5-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft in the
air and 1-0-0 on the ground; 1 P-38 and 8 P-47s are lost; 1 each is damaged
beyond repair.
3. 45 P-38s and 152 P-51s fly escort for Ninth Air Force A-20s and B-26s.
Mission 408: 7 of 7 B-17s drop leaflets on France and Belgium during the
night without loss.
16 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 509 B-26s and A-20s bomb
marshalling yards, road and rail junctions, bridges, artillery, town areas,
troop concentrations and various targets of opportunity; aircraft of 15+
fighter groups fly close and area support for bombers and bomb and strafe
rail lines, gun batteries, bridges, fortifications, radar installation,
tanks, ammunition dumps, town areas and strongpoints in the battle area. In
England, HQ 366th Fighter Group begins a movement from Thruxton to France; HQ
442d Troop Carrier Group and 303d and 304th Troop Carrier Squadrons move from
Fulbeck to Weston Zoyland with C-47s; and 425th Night Fighter Squadron, IX
Air Defense Command, moves from Chormy Down to Scorton with P-61s.


TUESDAY, 13 JUNE 1944

GENERAL: The first V-1 "buzz bomb" lands in southern
England; more land during the night of 13/14 Jun, and throughout the rest of
the month.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Bad weather cancels large-scale
bombing of high priority targets in Germany; overcast bombing against
tactical targets in NW France is undertaken:
Mission 409: In the first mission of the day cloud cover is less than
anticipated and visual runs are made by 129 of 139 B-17s against Evreux/
Fauville Airfield (37 bomb), Dreux Airfield (52 bomb) and St Andre de L'Eure
(40 bomb); 30 B-17s are damaged; escort is provided by 101 of 113 P-51s
dispatched; they claim 4-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft.
Mission 410: In the second mission, 112 B-17s and 260 B-24s are dispatched:
1. B-17s to Beaumont-sur-Oise Airfield (41 bomb) and Beauvais/Nivelliers
Airfield (56 bomb); 15 B-17s are damaged.
2. 148 B-24s to Dinard/Pleurtuit Airfield (10 bomb), Ploermel Bridge (26
bomb), Vannes Bride (19 bomb), Vicomte-sur-Rance Bridge (24 bomb), Montfort-
sur-Meu Bridge (21 bomb), Porcaro Bridge (12 bomb) and 3 others hit targets
of opportunity; 2 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 16 damaged; 1
airman is KIA and 19 MIA.
Escort for Mission 410 is provided by 12 P-38s, 47 P-47s and 174 P-51s; 1
P-51 is lost and the pilot is MIA.
Other fighter sorties during the day are:
1. 97 P-38s are dispatched on fighter-bomber missions (58 bomb) and 17 hit
La Poissonniere Montjean; 2 P-38s are lost and the pilots are MIA.
2. 199 P-47s are dispatched to La Port Boulet (90 attack), Montlouis (24
attack), transport targets (33 attack) and Chinon (31 attack); they claim
2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-47 is lost and 1 damaged beyond repair; 2
pilots are MIA.
3. 35 P-51s fly escort for fighter bombers.
4. 12 P-38s and 35 P-47s escort Ninth Air Force bombers.
5. 62 of 64 P-38s fly patrol over the English Channel.
Mission 411: 8 of 8 B-17s drop leaflets on France during the night.
6 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions over France.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 397 B-26s and A-20s bomb
rail and road junctions, marshalling yards and fuel dumps in the assault
areas; aircraft of 9 fighter groups escort the bombers and attack bridges,
marshalling yards, troop areas, rail and road traffic, gun emplacements,
ammunition dumps and other targets. 305th and 306th Troop Carrier Squadrons,
442d Troop Carrier Group, move from Fulbeck to Weston Zoyland, England with
C-47s.


WEDNESDAY, 14 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 412: Bad weather again
covers all strategic targets in Germany except one in the extreme N; a major
effort is against tactical objectives, mainly in France; 1,357 of 1,525
bombers dispatched hit the targets listed below; 14 bombers are lost:
1. 502 B-17s are dispatched to hit airfields in France, i.e.,: Le Bourget
(134 bomb), Coulommiers (24 bomb), Creil (25 bomb), Bretigny (69 bomb),
Melun (50 bomb), Creil (66 bomb) and Etampes (69 bomb); they claim 0-5-1
Luftwaffe aircraft; 11 B-17s are lost and 139 damaged; 6 airmen are KIA, 14
WIA and 97 MIA.
2. 466 B-24s are dispatched to hit airfields at Chateaudun (103 bomb),
Orleans/Bricy (97 bomb), Eindhoven, the Netherlands (63 bomb) and Coxyde,
Belgium (7 bomb); and 61 hit the Emmerich, Germany oil refinery, 50 hit
Beauvois, 44 hit Domleger, 12 hit targets of opportunity and 4 hit the
Normandy beaches; 33 B-24s are damaged.
3. Of 191 B-24s, 7 hit Ham-sur-Somme, 32 hit targets of opportunity, 52 hit
Lille/Vendeville, 12 hit Calas Tres, 12 hit Denain Drousey, 39 hit Laon/
Athies and 70 hit Chievres; 2 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 56
damaged; 10 airmen are KIA, 2 WIA and 4 MIA.
4. 351 B-17s are dispatched to hit targets in Belgium: 35 bomb St Trond
Airfield, 95 hit Florennes Airfield, 52 bomb Le Culot and 61 attack
Brussels/Melsbroek; 1 B-17 is lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 73 damaged; 1
airman is MIA.
5. 7 of 15 B-24s hit the Ham-sur-Somme Bridge and 5 use Azon missiles
against targets of opportunity; no losses.
Escort for the bomber missions is provided by 103 P-47s; 2 P-47s lost, the
pilots are MIA.
Other fighter missions are:
1. 168 of 176 P-47s fly fighter-bomber missions against Luftwaffe HQ at
Chantilly, France and Panzer columns; they claim 0-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft.
2. 234 of 242 P-38s, 178 of 190 P-47s and 171 of 197 P-51s fly beachhead
patrols and sweeps in front of the bomber force; they claim 4-1-7 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 3 P-38s, 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (all pilots are MIA; and 1 P-38
is damaged beyond repair.
Mission 413: 3 of 4 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.
20 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 500+ B-26s and A-20s attack rail
communications SW of Paris and highway communications centers S of the
beachhead area; junctions, bridges, marshalling yards, gun emplacements and
various defensive strongpoints are included; 15+ fighter groups fly escort
and attack numerous ground targets, including rail lines running from SW of
Paris to the Rennes area, and highway traffic on the Cherbourg Peninsula and
S of the beachhead area to the Loire River.


THURSDAY, 15 JUNE 1944

ICELAND (Iceland Base Command): HQ 24th Composite Wing is disbanded.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 414: 1,361 bombers are
dispatched in 8 forces to bomb an oil refinery Germany and numerous tactical
targets in France, including 9 airfields, an aircraft plant, a CROSSBOW (V-
weapon) sites, 11 bridges, a marshalling yard, and various scattered targets;
2 B-17s are lost:
1. Of 747 B-17s dispatched, 172 hit the Hannover/Misburg oil refinery, 16
hit Wilster, 16 hit Wesermunde, 2 hit the Hannover area and 1 hits
Helgoland Island, Germany; in France, 144 hit Bordeaux/Merignac Airfield, 71
hit Nantes railroad bridge N, 71 hit La Poissonniere rail viaduct, 70 hit
Angouleme marshalling yard, 59 hit Beauvoir V-weapon site, 46 hit Nantes
railroad bridge S, 12 hit Gael Airfield and 10 hit a viaduct N of Nantes; 2
B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 267 damaged; 7 airmen are WIA
and 18 MIA.
2. Of 614 B-24s dispatched to France, 89 hit Le Port Boulet railroad
bridge, 61 hit Evreux/Fauville Airfield, 59 hit Tours-la-Frillerie, 54 hit
Tours-La Rice railroad bridge, 46 hit Guyancourt Airfield, 45 hit Etampes/
Modesir Airfield, 44 hit Cinq Mars bridge, 27 hit St Cyr, 21 hit Buc
Airfield, 12 hit Tours-La Riche highway bridge, 12 hit Le Mans Airfield, 12
hit Orleans/Saran Airfield and 8 hit targets of opportunity; 12 B-24s use
Azon missiles against Etaples railroad bridge and 7 others use the missiles
against the Pecrone railroad bridge.
Fighter operations are:
1. 96 P-38s, 202 P-47s and 211 P-51s escort the bombers and claim 5-0-5
Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 P-38s and 1 P-51 are lost with the pilots MIA.
2. 36 of 48 P-47s bomb Etaples, France; 1 P-47s is lost (pilot is MIA).
3. 177 of 185 P-38s fly a fighter sweep in front of the bomber forces
without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 550+ B-26s and A-20s direct main
attacks against fuel and ammunition dumps, rail and highway communications,
and armored division HQ S of the bridgehead on the Douve River; 1,400+
fighters fly armed reconnaissance in the Valognes-Cherbourg area, the W part
of the Cherbourg Peninsula, and along communications lines S to Loire;
fighters also attack shipping between the Channel Islands and the Cherbourg
Peninsula.


FRIDAY, 16 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 416: 370 bombers,
including 22 Pathfinders are dispatched to 4 airfields and 4 CROSSBOW (V-
weapon) supply sites in France; 1 B-17 is lost:
1. Of 146 B-17s, 38 bomb Laon/Athies Airfield, 38 hit Juvincourt Airfield,
18 hit railroad targets of opportunity and 17 hit Laon/Couvron Airfield; 1
B-17 is lost and 58 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 9 MIA.
2. 224 B-24s are dispatched to bomb airfields and CROSSBOW sites; B-24s
attacking V-weapon supply sites are: 48 hit Renescure, 44 hit Sautrecourt, 43
hit Domleger and 21 hit Beauvoir; airfields attacked are: 17 hit Beauvais/
Tille, 17 hit Authe and 12 hit St Andre de L'Eure; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond
repair and 13 damaged; 5 airmen are KIA and 2 WIA.
VIII Fighter Command missions for the day are:
1. 165 P-38s, 88 P-47s and 172 P-51s escort the bombers above, they claim
1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; no losses.
2. 70 P-51s perform a sweep against stalled trains between Angouleme and
Poitiers, dropping external fuel tanks on them and firing the tanks by
strafing; the same tactics are used on trains in the marshalling yard at
Saint-Pierre-d'Ecideuil; heavy damage is inflicted on both targets, including
heavy troop casualties.
3. 50 P-38s and 75 P-47s make fighter-bomber attacks on troops in the
Arras-St Pol area; at St-Pol-sur-Ternoise a large number of railroad cars are
burned by oil and phosphorus bombs and strafing attacks; other marshalling
yards, a power station, railroad station, trains, barges, tanks, trucks, gun
emplacements, AA tower and an armored vehicle are attacked; A total of about
400 railroad cars are attacked and about half of them set on fire. In general
the fighter attacks are highly effective; 3 P-38s are lost (pilots are MIA)
and 1 damaged beyond repair.
Mission 417: 10 of 10 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the evening.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, bad weather prevents
bomber operations; 500+ fighters strafe and bomb rail lines, bridges and
highway traffic on the Cherbourg Peninsula; and 397th Fighter Squadron, 368th
Fighter Group moves from Chilbolton, England to Cardonville with P-47s.



SATURDAY, 17 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Targets in France, primarily
airfields, are hit; 2 B-17s are lost; fighters fly 1,027 sorties during the
day and destroy 15 locomotives, train cars, trucks and other vehicles.
Mission 418: 232 of 332 bombers attack targets in France:
1. Of 174 B-17s, 52 hit Monchy-Breton Airfield, 31 hit a railroad bridge
at Noyen, 18 hit Chateaudun Airfield and 18 hit Villiers/L'Eveque Airfield;
2 B-17s are lost and 22 damaged; 22 airmen are MIA; escort is provided by
43 P-38s, 39 P-47s and 90 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1
P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA).
2. Of 158 B-24s, 28 hit Laval Airfield, 26 hit Guyancourt/Caudron
Airfield, 18 hit Le Mans/Arnage Airfield, 17 hit Bretigny Airfield, 12 hit
Brunnelles, 9 hit Melun Airfield, 1 hits Dreux, 1 hits St Valery and 1 hits
a target of opportunity; escort is provided by 87 P-47s and 170 P-51s; they
claim 2-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 3-0-0 on the ground; no losses
or casualties.
99 P-38s fly fighter-bomber missions against railroad bridges at Corbie
and Peronne; 4 P-38s are lost (pilots are MIA).
Mission 419: Of 312 B-24s dispatched, 80 hit Angers Airfield, 75 hit
Laval Airfield, 55 hit Tours Airfield, 38 hit Essay airstrip, 25 hit Lonray
airstrip and 1 hits LeMans; 1 B-24 is lost and 35 damaged; 10 airmen are
MIA. Escort is provided by 122 P-47s and 148 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot
is MIA).
49 P-38s and 39 P-47s, escorted by 47 P-38s, make fighter-bomber attacks
on Corbie-Peronne railroad bridges; 2 P-38s are lost (pilots are MIA).
Mission 420: 9 of 10 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): Operational control of air-ground
coordination of fighter-bomber missions moves from HQ Ninth Air Force and 21
Army Group Combined Control Center (in the UK) to Advanced HQ IX Tactical Air
Command (in Normandy) operating in close proximity to the US First Army.
In France, 265 B-26s attack fuel dumps, a bridge and a railway line S of
the battle area; 1,300+ fighters fly escort and top cover, and strafe and
bomb troop concentrations, military vehicles, bridges, gun emplacements,
tanks and other tactical targets; units moving to France from England with
P-47s: HQ 354th Fighter Group and 353d and 356th Fighter Squadrons from
Lashenden to Criqueville; HQ 366th Fighter Group and 389th and 391st Fighter
Squadrons from Thruxton to St Pierre du Mont; HQ 371st Fighter Group and
405th and 406th Fighter Squadrons from Bisterne to Beuzeville.


SUNDAY, 18 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 421: 1,378 bombers are
dispatched to targets in Germany; 11 bombers are lost, 10 to AA fire and 1 to
unknown causes:
1. Of 890 B-17s dispatched, 381 bomb Hamburg, 88 hit Hannover-Misburg oil
refinery, 85 hit the Bremen area; 60 hit Hannover, 54 hit Hamburg-Eurotank
oil refinery, 38 hit Hamburg-Ossag oil refinery, 36 hit Hamburg-Schindler oil
refinery, 18 hit Bremen-Oslebshausen; 18 hit Hamburg-Ebano oil refinery and
5 hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and
284 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 10 WIA and 70 MIA.
2. Of 488 B-24s, 168 hit Hamburg, 107 bomb Bremerhaven, 58 attack the
Watten V-weapon sites, France, 54 hit Brunsbuttel, 45 hit Stade Airfield, 28
hit Wesermunde, 13 hit Husum Airfield, 9 hit Nordenham, 8 hit Heligoland
Airfield, 5 hit targets of opportunity and 1 hits Wrist marshalling yard; 4
B-24s are lost and 53 damaged; 8 airmen are WIA and 39 MIA.
Escort is provided by 198 P-38s, 172 P-47s and 215 P-51s; 1 P-38 is damaged
beyond repair; no losses or claims.
Other VIII Fighter Command missions in France are:
1. 94 of 98 P-38s and 82 of 87 P-47s attack railroad bridges in the St
Quentin area without loss.
2. 47 P-51s make a sweep of the Dol de Bretagne area; 3 P-51s are lost
(pilots are MIA).
Mission 422: 9 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER missions in France; 1
B-24 hits a tree at the drop zone.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, about 130 A-20s and B-26s
bomb fuel dumps at Foret d'Andaine and Conches and marshalling yards at
Rennes and Meudon during the morning and NOBALL (V-weapon) targets in the
afternoon; fighters, in addition to escort duty, continue strafing and
bombing rail lines, troop concentrations, and highway traffic on the
Cherbourg Peninsula; HQ 48th Fighter Group and 492d and 493d Fighter
Squadrons move from Ibsley, England to Deux Jumeaux with P-47s; 153d Liaison
Squadron, IX Tactical Air Command, moves from Erlestokes, England to Vouilly
with L-5s; and 355th Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, moves from
Lashenden, England to Criqueville with P-47s.


MONDAY, 19 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Morning and afternoon missions
are made against targets in France.
Mission 423: In the morning, 464 B-17s are dispatched against airfields
in the Bordeaux area: 92 hit Cormes Ecluse, 84 hit Bordeaux/Merignac, 39 hit
Cazaux, 34 hit Landes-de-Bussac, 12 hit Cabanac and 3 hit targets of
opportunity; 7 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 11 damaged; 3
airmen are WIA and 59 MIA; escort is provided by 88 P-38s and 261 P-51s; 4
P-38s and 6 P-51s are lost (all pilots MIA).
Mission 424: In both morning and afternoon missions, 216 of 391 B-17s and
294 of 312 B-24s hit 35 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 1 B-24 is
lost, 1 B-24 damaged beyond repair and 65 B-17s and 22 B-24s damaged; 2
airmen are WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 196 P-38s, 122 P-47s and 48
P-51s; 1 P-38 is damaged beyond repair; 1 P-38 group, after completing
escort duty, dive-bombs and strafes transportation targets in NE France,
destroying a locomotive and 3 barges.
858th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), VIII Air Force Composite Command,
moves from North Pickenham to Cheddington, England with B-24s (the squadron
begins flying leaflet missions).

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, the airfield at
Cardonville, the first US field in France, becomes operational; around 200
fighters carry out uneventful armed reconnaissance and patrols in the
morning, and dive-bomb 6 NOBALL (V-weapon) targets in the afternoon; and HQ
84th Fighter Wing moves from Beaulieu, England to Houesville. 125th Liaison
Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached to HQ Command, ETO), moves from
Cheltenham to Chedworth, England with L-5s (first mission is in Aug).


TUESDAY, 20 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 425: In the morning
1,548 bombers are dispatched to attack 14 strategic targets in N Germany and
V-weapon sites in France; 49 bombers are lost:
1. 126 of 146 B-24s bomb V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 1 B-24
is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 83 damaged; 4 airmen are KIA, 8 WIA and
24 MIA. Escort is provided by 44 P-47s; they claim 3-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft;
1 P-47 is lost (pilot is MIA).
2. Of 341 B-17s dispatched, 137 hit Fallersleben, 95 hit Magdeburg/
Rothensee and 52 hit Konigsberg; they claim 2-0-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 6 B-17s
are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 116 damaged; 11 airmen are WIA and 60
MIA. Of 191 B-24s, 169 hit Hannover/Misburg and 3 hit a target of
opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 89 damaged; 4 airmen
are KIA, 6 WIA and 9 MIA. Escort is provided by 98 P-38s, 86 P-47s and 38
P-51s and 81 Ninth Air Force P-51s; they claim 10-1-10 Luftwaffe aircraft in
the air and 8-0-3 on the ground; 1 P-38, 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (2 pilots
MIA).
3. Of 512 B-17s dispatched, 107 hit Hamburg/Eurotank oil refinery, 60 hit
Harburg/Ebano oil refinery, 54 hit Hamburg/Schliemanns oil refinery, 53 hit
Harburg/Rhenania oil refinery, 53 hit Hamburg/Deut.Petr.AG, 50 hit Hamburg/
Rhenania-Ossag oil refinery, 26 hit Hamburg/Schindler oil refinery, 12 hit
Brunsbuttel canal lock and 2 hit targets of opportunity; 7 B-17s are lost and
349 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 13 WIA and 63 MIA. Escort is provided by 96
P-38s and 48 P-47s without claims or loss.
4. Of 358 B-24s, 245 hit Politz, 71 bomb Ostermoor and 12 hit targets of
opportunity; they claim 10-3-2 Luftwaffe aircraft; 34 B-24s are lost and 205
damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 343 MIA. Escort is provided by 50 P-38s
and 221 P-51s; they claim 28-1-9 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 5-0-9 on
the ground; 3 P-38s are lost.
Mission 426: In the afternoon, 33 of 37 B-17s and 196 of 380 B-24s attack
10 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area; 1 B-24 is lost and 96 damaged.
Escort is provided by 72 P-47s and 40 P-51s without loss.
Mission 427: 5 of 5 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.
25 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, about 370 B-26s and A-20s
bomb 9 V-weapon sites and a coastal defense battery at Houlgate; 1,000+
fighters operating over frontline areas, the Cherbourg Peninsula, and S to
Dreux, bomb and strafe rail lines, marshalling yards, bridges, troop
concentrations and other targets; HQ 368th Fighter Group and 395th and 396th
Fighter Squadrons move from Chilboton, England to Cardonville with P-47s; and
390th Fighter Squadron, 366th Fighter Group, moves from Thruxton, England to
Pierre du Mont with P-47s. 112th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached
to HQ Command, ETO), moves from Kingston Deverill to Hurst Park, England with
L-5s.


WEDNESDAY 21 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 428: 1,234 bombers and
1,170 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; 45 bombers and 4
fighters are lost:
1. 145 of 163 B-17s begin shuttle bombing missions (Operation FRANTIC)
between the UK and bases in the USSR; 72 P-38s, 38 P-47s and 57 P-51s escort
the B-17s to the target (synthetic oil plant at Ruhland, Germany); 123 B-17s
bomb the primary target, 21 bomb Elsteriverda and a lone B-17 bombs Riesa due
to a bomb rack malfunction; after the attack, the supporting P-51s are
relieved 50 miles (80 km) SE of Poznan, Poland by 65 other P-51s which are
to accompany the B-17s to the USSR; 50 miles (80 km) SE of Brest Litovsk 20
to 30 Luftwaffe fighters attack the force; in the resulting battle 1 P-51 and
6 German fighters are destroyed; 1 B-17 is lost (to unknown causes) on the
flight; 144 B-17s land in the USSR, 73 at Poltava, and the rest at Mirgorod;
the 64 remaining P-51s land at Piryatin; 1 airman is KIA, 5 WIA and 10 MIA.
During the night of 21/22 Jun the 73 B-17s which earlier landed at Poltava
are attacked for 2 hours by an estimated 75 German bombers led by aircraft
dropping flares; 47 B-17s are destroyed and most of the remainder severely
damaged; heavy damage is also suffered by stores of fuel and ammunition. This
AAF shuttle run is made in conjunction with a large-scale effort against
targets in the Berlin area as follows:
2. 456 of 496 B-17s attack Berlin; 12 other hit targets of opportunity;
they claim 16-20-19 Luftwaffe aircraft; 16 B-17s are lost and 216 damaged;
1 airman is KIA, 10 WIA and 148 MIA; escort is provided by 99 P-38s, 95
P-47s and 73 P-51s; they claim 4-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 fighter is lost.
3. Of 368 B-24s dispatched, 69 hit Genshagen, 52 hit Marienfelde, 47 hit
Berlin, 40, hit Potsdam, 28 hit Niederschonweide, 23 hit Genshagen, 16 hit
Rangsdorf, 10 hit Trebbin, 8 hit Selvig, 8 hit Stendal, 7 hit targets of
opportunity in the Berlin area and 1 hits Bederekesa; they claim 13-3-3
Luftwaffe aircraft; 19 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 150
damaged; 21 airmen are KIA, 20 WIA and 182 MIA; escort is provided by 148
P-38s, 147 P-47s and 116 P-51s; they claim 13-0-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1
P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 P-38 damaged beyond repair.
4. Of 207 B-17s, 103 hit Berlin, 80 hit Basdorf and 5 hit targets of
opportunity; 9 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 108 P-38s, 81 P-47s
and 91 P-51s; 1 P-38, 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (all pilot MIA) and 1 P-51
is damaged beyond repair.
Mission 429: In the late afternoon, 31 B-24s bomb CROSSBOW (V-weapon) supply
sites at Oisemont/Neuville and Saint-Martin-L'Hortier and 39 bomb a rocket
site at Siracourt, France. AA fire shoots down 1 B-24; escort is provided by
99 P-47s, meeting no enemy aircraft, but 1 group strafes railroad and canal
targets.
Mission 430: 5 of 5 B-17s drop leaflets in France.
21 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 250+ B-26s and A-20s bomb 13 V-weapon
sites in the Pas de Calais area of France. 700+ fighters escort Eighth Air
Force bombers over Germany, bomb bridges S and W of Paris, and strafe rail
and road traffic and communications centers N and W of Paris.


THURSDAY, 22 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Because of the attack on B-17s at
Poltava, USSR, on yesterday's shuttle mission, the B-17s at Mirgorod and
P-51s at Piryatin are moved farther E; they are to be returned to Mirgorod
and Piryatin to be dispatched to bases in Italy as soon as the weather
permits; the move is fortunate as German bombers strike both Piryatin and
Mirgorod during the night of 22/23 Jun.
Mission 431: In a morning mission 85 of 108 B-17s and 132 of 194 B-24s
attack 12 CROSSBOW (V-weapon) installations in the Pas de Calais area; 1
B-17s is lost; 64 B-17s and 59 B-24s are damaged; 10 airmen are MIA. Escort
is provided by 165 P-47s and 97 P-51s; some of the support fighters strafe
coastal defenses; 1 P-51 is lost and 2 P-47s are damaged beyond repair; 1
pilot is KIA and 1 MIA.
Mission 432: During the afternoon 797 bombers are dispatched to attack 22
targets in France and Belgium; 9 bombers are lost:
1. Of 319 B-17s dispatched, 76 hit Lille/Fimes marshalling yard, 69 hit
Ghent/Maritime marshalling yard, 35 hit Rouen oil depot, 13 hit La
Vaubaliers, 13 hit Furnes Airfield, 13 hit Tingry, 12 hit Abbeville, 12 hit a
tank area N of Rouen, 12 hit Douai railroad, 11 hit Mazingarbe, 10 hit Pont a
Vendin, 1 hits Douai railroad; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and
81 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 29 MIA. Escort is provided by 108
P-47s; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft.
2. Of 149 B-24s, 46 hit Guyancourt/Caudron Airfield, 43 hit St Cyr
Airfield, 36 hit Buc Airfield, 13 hit targets of opportunity and 5 hit
Tours/La Riche bridge; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 67 B-24s are
damaged; 1 airmen is KIA and 3 MIA. Escort is provided by 187 of 200 P-38s
and 36 of 46 P-47s; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 5 P-38s are lost
(pilots are MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair.
3. Of 216 B-17s, 70 hit Nucourt V-weapon site, 38 hit Brie-Comte-Robert
Sug, 33 hit Etampes Airfield, 11 hit Lieusant railroad, 11 hit Melun bridge
and 11 hit Melun marshalling yard; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft; 4
B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 187 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA and
30 MIA. Of 113 B-24s, 101 hit an oil dump at Paris and 1 hits Dreux Airfield;
2 B-24s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 37 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2
WIA and 23 MIA. Escort is provided by 78 of 86 P-51s; 3 P-51s are lost
(pilots are MIA).
4. 9 of 10 B-24s use Azon glide bombs against the Samur Bridge; escort is
provided by 41 of 43 P-51s.
Mission 433: 1 B-17 flies a daylight leaflet mission to La Glacrie, France.
Mission 434: 9 of 9 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Low Countries
during the night.
10 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, around 600 B-26s and
A-20s and 1,200+ fighters fly missions during the day; the main effort
consists of an attack on the tip of the Cherbourg Peninsula in support of the
US VII Corps assault on the port of Cherbourg; beginning 1 hour before the
ground attack and continuing until the attack begins fighters and fighter-
bombers pound the whole area S of the city from low level; as the ground
assault begins, B-26s and A-20s strike a series of strongpoints selected by
the US First Army, forming a 55-minute aerial barrage moving N in advance of
ground forces; later in the day B-26s attack marshalling yards, fuel dumps
and a German HQ; fighter-bombers fly armed reconnaissance over various
railroads and bomb rail facilities, trains, road traffic and gun
emplacements; 25 fighter-bombers are lost during the day's operations.


FRIDAY, 23 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 435: at midday 110 of 134
B-17s and 102 of 106 B-24s attack 12 CROSSBOW (V-weapon) installations,
damaging at least 6 of them; 3 B-17s and 2 B-24s are damaged. Fighter support
is furnished by 4 P-51 groups (141 of 161 aircraft) all of which afterward
strafe transportation targets in the Paris area, destroying 3 locomotives,
100 pieces of rolling stock, and 14 motor vehicles; An exploding ammunition
train causes a low-flying P-51 to crash, the only aircraft lost on the
mission (pilot is MIA).
Mission 436: During the late afternoon, 109 B-17s are dispatched to
Nanteuil; 13 hit the primary and 2 hit targets of opportunity; the rest abort
due to heavy cloud cover; 1 B-17 is lost and 2 are damaged; 1 airman is WIA
and 10 MIA. Of 219 B-24s dispatched to airfields in France, 113 hit
Juvincourt, 46 hit Laon/Athies, 23 hit Coulommiers and 1 hits Soissons; 6
B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 81 are damaged; 1 airman is KIA,
3 WIA and 58 MIA. Escort is provided by 155 P-47s and 83 P-51s; afterwards
part of a P-47 group bombs and strafes a marshalling yard while the remainder
of the group bombs and strafes a train carrying trucks and armored cars,
destroying the locomotive, 3 trucks, and an armored car, and damaging 20
freight
169 of 195 P-38s fly flighter-bomber missions in the Paris area; 2 P-38s
are lost (pilots are MIA.
21 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER mission during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): Bad weather prevents A-20 and B-26
missions during the morning; in the afternoon 175+ B-26s and A-20s bomb 7
V-weapon sites in France; around 630 fighters provide escort and also bomb
and strafe rail and road traffic and communications centers; 200 C-47s and
C-53s fly supplies to the Continent; and 404th Fighter Squadron, 371st
Fighter Group, moves from Bisterne, England to Beuzeville with P-47s.


SATURDAY, 24 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 438: During the morning
967 bombers are dispatched to hit targets in Germany and France: 5 bombers
are lost:
1. Of 340 B-17s, 213 hit oil industry targets in Bremen, 53 hit an aircraft
factory at Westermunde and 40 attack Bremen; 1 B-17 is lost and 105 damaged;
2 airmen are WIA and 9 MIA. Escort is provided by 6 fighter groups (185 P-38s
and 85 P-47s); 1 group strafes an airfield and rail transport in the Munster
and Hamm areas and claims 2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground; no losses.
2. 407 B-24s are dispatched to France; 78 hit Conches Airfield, 45 hit
Chateaudun Airfield, 45 hit Orleans/Bricy Airfield, 34 hit Toussus/Le Noble,
31 hit a fighter strip, 12 hit Pont Audmer, 11 hit Toussus/Paris and 9 hit
Dreux Airfield; 2 B-24s are lost and 81 damaged; 20 airmen are MIA. Escort is
provided by 45 P-38s and 36 P-47s; 1 P-38 is lost (pilot is MIA); the
fighters later fly strafing missions.
3. 86 B-17s and 60 B-24s are dispatched to hit 12 CROSSBOW (V-weapon) sites
in the Pas de Calais area but are prevented by overcast from bombing the
sites, but 11 B-17s fly S and release bombs near the industrial area of
Rouen; 1 B-17 is lost to AA fire; 13 B-17s and 1 B-24 are damaged; 9 airmen
are MIA. Escort is provided by 35 of 36 P-47s without loss.
4. Of 74 B-17s dispatched to the Saumur bridge, 38 hit the primary and 36
hit Tours/La Riche Airfield without loss; escort is provided by 121 of 135
P-51s who claim 4-0-2 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground.
Mission 439: During the afternoon 62 B-17s and 167 B-24s are dispatched to
targets in France; 2 B-24s are lost; escort for the mission is provided by 71
P-47s and 50 P-51s without loss; 25 other P-51s fly a sweep of the Angers/Le
Mans area and claim 25-0-6 Luftwaffe aircraft on the ground:
1. Of 62 B-17s, 32 hit V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area, 12 hit
Holque electrical stations and 12 hit Saint-Pol-sur-Mer marshalling yards; 17
B-17s are damaged.
2. Of 167 B-24s, 67 hit V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area, 14 hit
the Abbeville power station, 12 hit Pont-a-Vendin and 12 hit the Tingry
electrical station; 2 B-24s are lost, 1 is damaged beyond repair and 44
damaged; 20 airmen are MIA.
Mission 440: 5 of 5 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 430+ B-26s and A-20s attack targets
in France, including 4 gun positions, 3 V-weapon sites, 3 fuel dumps, 2
marshalling yards, and a railroad bridge; 200+ transports fly supplies to the
Continent; 11 fighter groups provide escort, attack fuel dumps, rail targets
and bridges W of Paris and S of the Loire, and fly armed reconnaissance S of
the Cherbourg Peninsula and SW of Paris; and 313th Fighter Squadron, 50th
Fighter Group, moves from Lymington, England to Carentan with P-47s.


SUNDAY, 25 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 441: During the morning
658 bombers are dispatched to hit targets in France; 7 bombers are lost:
1. Of 263 B-17s, 104 hit Toulouse/Francazal Airfield, 72 hit Toulouse/
Blangnac Airfield and 64 hit Montbartier oil depot; 5 B-17s are lost, 1 is
damaged beyond repair and 114 damaged; 10 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 45 MIA.
Escort is provided by 46 P-38s, 36 P-47s and 146 P-51s; they claim 10-0-1
Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA).
2. Of 258 B-24s, 43 hit targets of opportunity, 23 hit Beuvry, 18 hit
Mazingarbe, 12 hit Aube-sur-Risle, 12 hit Doullens, 12 hit La Vaupalier, 12
hit Peronne Airfield, 11 hit Amiens/St Maurice, 11 hit Calais, 11 hit Tingry,
10 hit Abbeville, 10 hit St Omer/Longuenesse, 8 hit Boulogne, 8 hit Holque, 7
hit Nunque, 7 hit Pont-a-Vendin, 2 hit Chocques; 1 B-24 is lost, 1 is damaged
beyond repair and 26 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 2 WIA. Escort is provided
by 68 P-47s and 34 P-51s without loss.
3. Of 137 B-24s, 59 hit St Avord Airfield and 48 hit Bourge Airfield; 1
B-24 is lost; 10 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 102 P-38s and 44
P-47s; they claim 8-0-4 Luftwaffe aircraft without loss.
Mission 442: During the midday 463 bombers are dispatched to targets in
France; 6 bombers are lost; escort is provided by 127 P-38s, 35 P-47s and 181
P-51s; they claim 4-0-3 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot is MIA):
1. Of 274 B-24s, 63 hit Villacoublay air depot, 35 hit Bretigny Airfield
and 11 hit Buc Airfield; 5 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 104
damaged; 11 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 59 MIA.
2. Of 189 B-17s, 70 hit Soigny Bridge, 38 hit Sens Bridge, 28 hit Clamecy,
21 hit Auxerre Bridge, 21 hit Nanteuil, 20 hit Nogent, 18 hit Orly Airfield,
13 hit Romilly-sur-Seine, 12 hit Folous, 12 hit Etampes/Mondesir Airfield and
3 hit Orly marshalling yard; 1 B-17 is lost and 20 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA
and 19 MIA.
41 of 43 P-47s fly a flight-bomber mission against Evreux/Fauville landing
ground.
In the USSR, B-17s and P-51s are flown, at daybreak, from dispersal bases
to Poltava and Mirgorod and loaded and fueled with intentions of bombing the
oil refinery at Drohobycz, Poland and proceed to base in Italy. Bad weather
cancels the mission until the tomorrow. The aircraft return to dispersal
bases for the night as precaution against air attacks.
24 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER mission.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 400+ B-26s and A-20s hit
fuel dumps at Foret d'Andaine, Foret d'Ecouves, and Senonches, and rail
bridges at Cherisy, Chartres, Oiseme and Epernon; 14 fighter groups send
aircraft on escort, and on armed reconnaissance and dive bombing missions
over the Chartres, Dreux, Argentan, Tours, and Orleans areas; transports fly
supply and evacuation missions; and HQ 50th Fighter Group and 10th and 81st
Fighter Squadrons move from Lymington, England to Carentan with P-47s.


MONDAY, 26 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): 72 B-17s leave Poltava and
Mirgorod, USSR, rendezvous with 55 P-51s from Piryatin, bomb the oil refinery
and marshalling yard at Drohobycz, Poland (1 returns to the USSR because of
mechanical trouble), and then proceed to Italy; Fifteenth Air Force P-51s
meet the formation 1 hour after the attack and escort the B-17s to Foggia; it
is planned to return the B-17s to bases in the UK on 27 Jun but bad weather
delays this move until 5 Jul.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, weather cancels all
operations save a few fighter sorties which result in claims against a few
military vehicles and 3 aircraft as US ground forces capture Cherbourg; 3 US
fighters are lost.


TUESDAY, 27 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 443: 251 bombers and 191
fighters are dispatched to hit CROSSBOW (V-weapon) supply sites around Pas de
Calais, Criel and Chantilly, France; 195 B-17s hit the Pas de Calais area, 12
B-24s hit targets of opportunity and 11 B-24s hit Criel Airfield; 5 B-24s are
downed by AA fire, 2 B-24s are damaged beyond repair and 104 B-24s and 8
B-17s are damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 51 MIA. Escort is provided by
149 of 191 P-51s; they claim 6-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft and lose 2 (pilots
MIA); 1 P-51 is damaged; after completing the escort, the P-51s bomb and
strafe targets of opportunity, including marshalling yards, bridges,
railroads, transportation and airfield installations, and dispersal areas.
VIII Fighter Command fighter-bomber missions:
1. 46 of 193 P-38s attack Connantre Airfield; 3 are lost (pilots MIA), 3
are damaged beyond repair; 1 pilot is WIA.
2. 36 of 156 P-47s bomb Villeneuve/Zertes Airfield claiming 10-0-8
Luftwaffe aircraft in the air without loss.
3. 32 of 49 P-51s attack Coulommiers Airfield and 246 others attack
transport in the Paris area; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft on the
ground without loss.
Mission 444: 4 of 4 B-17s drop leaflets in France during the night.
16 B-24s are dispatched on CARPETBAGGER missions in France. A B-24 on a
training flight in England is shot down by an intruder.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, bad weather precludes
bomber operations; 700+ fighters take part in various operations; most of
them fly high cover over the assault areas and bomb and strafe rail and road
traffic and communications centers; and 386th and 387th Fighter Squadrons,
365th Fighter Group, move from Beaulieu, England to Azeville with P-47s. 15th
Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance),
moves from Middle Wallop to Chalgrove, England with F-6s.


WEDNESDAY, 28 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 445: 992 bombers and 638
fighters are dispatched to targets in France, Germany and Belgium; 2 bombers
and 2 fighters are lost. 485 B-17s attack targets in France: 72 hit Laon/
Couvron Airfield, 64 hit Juvincourt Airfield, 60 hit Laon/Athies Airfield, 36
hit Fismes bridge, 28 hit Denain/Prouvy Airfield, 24 hit targets of
opportunity, 20 hit Anizy le Chateau bridge, 19 hit Le Bourget Airfield and
18 hit the Dugny oil depot; 1 B-17s is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 99
damaged; 2 airmen are WIA and 9 MIA. Of 378 B-24s, 331 hit Saarbrucken
marshalling yards, 11 hit Florennes/Juzaine Airfield and 1 hits Givet Bridge;
1 B-24 is lost and 125 damaged; 8 airmen are WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is
provided by 188 P-38s, 169 P-47s and 231 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 Luftwaffe
aircraft; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots are MIA) and 2 P-51s damaged
beyond repair. About one-third of the escorting fighters afterward bomb and
strafe transport targets, claiming 3 locomotives and an armored vehicle
destroyed.
30 of 50 P-47s fly a fighter-bomber mission against La Perthe Airfield
without loss.
18 B-24s fly CARPETBAGGER missions in France.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): 220+ fighters, based in France,
attack railroad facilities, bridges, fuel and ammunition dumps, artillery,
troop concentrations, vehicles, and other targets; bad weather cancels bomber
and fighter operations from the UK; HQ 365th Fighter Group moves from
Beaulieu, England to Azeville; and 107th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron,
67th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from Middle Wallop, England to
Jumeaux with F-6s. In England, 422d Night Fighter Squadron, 71st Fighter
Wing, based at Scorton with P-61s, sends a detachment to operate from Hern.


THURSDAY, 29 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 447: 1,150 bombers and 779
fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany and the Netherlands; 15
bombers and 3 fighters are lost; cloud cover causes 400+ aircraft to abort
the mission:
1. Of 179 B-17s, 81 bomb the synthetic oil plant at Bohlen and 61 strike
an aircraft components factory at Wittenberg; 4 B-17s are lost and 111
damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 5 WIA and 30 MIA.
2. Of 380 B-17s, 41 hit Leipzig/Heiterblick, 30 hit Leipzig/Taucha
Airfield, 19 hit Leipzig, 18 hit Wittenberg, 15 hit Limbach, 14 hit
Quackenbruck and 2 hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost, 1 is damaged
beyond repair and 76 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA and 21 MIA.
3. Of 591 B-24s, 81 hit Magdeburg, 74 hit Oschersleben, 54 hit Bernburg, 47
hit Aschersleben, 46 hit Burg Airfield, 42 hit an aviation plant at
Fallersleben, 35 hit targets of opportunity, 26 hit Stendal Airfield, 9 hit
Gardelegen Airfield, 8 hit Oebisfelde/Kaltendorf, 8 hit Zerbst Airfield, and
4 hit Leopoldshall marshalling yard; 9 B-24s are lost, 3 damaged beyond
repair and 204 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 12 WIA and 92 MIA.
The missions above are escorted by 203 P-38s, 216 P-47 and 352 P-51s of the
Eighth and Ninth Air Forces; they claim 34-0-9 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air
and 16-0-8 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots are MIA).
4 of 8 P-38s fly a fighter-bomber mission against shipping at Ijmuiden, the
Netherlands without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, almost 200 B-26s and
A-20s bomb gun batteries on Cap de la Hague, bridges and rail lines in the
Rennes-Saint-Hilaire-du-Harcourt-Vitre areas, and rail bridge at Oissel;
fighters fly armed reconnaissance and attack enemy aircraft, road and rail
traffic, gun positions, bridges and other targets in wide areas throughout
NW France; and 509th and 511th Fighter Squadrons, 405th Fighter Group, move
from Christchurch, England to Picauville with P-47s. In England, the 14th
Liaison Squadron, XIX Tactical Air Command, moves from Knutsford to Ibsley
with L-5s.


FRIDAY, 30 JUNE 1944

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS (Eighth Air Force): Mission 448: 153 bombers and 539
fighters are dispatched to attack airfields; 1 fighter is lost; of 75 B-17s,
39 hit Montdidier Airfield, 24 hit Le Culot Airfield and 11 hit Coxyde/Furnes
Airfield, Belgium; 27 B-17s are damaged; of 78 B-24s, 35 hit Conches Airfield
and 26 hit Evreux/Fauville Airfield, France without loss. Escort is provided
by 168 of 178 P-51s without loss escort and afterwards strafe marshalling
yards, airfields, barges, barracks, a train, a factory, and a warehouse with
good results. No enemy aircraft are encountered and no aircraft are lost.
Other P-38s, P-47s and P-51s hit bridges, marshalling yards and other
targets in France; they claim 3-3-4 Luftwaffe aircraft in the air and 1-0-0
on the ground; 1 P-38 is lost (pilot is MIA) and 1 P-47 is damaged beyond
repair (pilot is KIA).

TACTICAL OPERATIONS (Ninth Air Force): In France, 125+ B-26s and A-20s,
using blind-bombing methods in bad weather, bomb fuel dumps and road
junctions at Conde-sur-Vire, Foret de Conches, Conde-sur-Noireau, and Thury-
Harcourt; around 250 others are forced to abort due to weather; 600+ fighters
escort bombers, fly cover over the beach, and bomb marshalling yards at
Chartres and Verneuil-sur-Avres, bridges E of Paris, and Evreux-Bueil, and
Breux-sur-Avre-Trappes rail lines; the fighters fly armed reconnaissance in
the Seine-Loire gap and along the Loire River, and Continent-based fighters
of the IX Tactical Air Command attack communications targets in advance of
the US and British positions; HQ 405th Fighter Group and 510th Fighter
Squadron move from Christchurch, England to Picauville with P-47s. 112th
Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached primarily to HQ Command, SHAPE)
moves from Hurst Park to Heston, England with L-5s.


SOURCES:

AIR FORCE COMBAT UNITS OF WORLD WAR II, Office of Air Force History,
Headquarters USAF, 1961, ISBN 0-912799-02-1
COMBAT SQUADRONS OF THE AIR FORCE, WORLD WAR II, Office of Air Force
History, Headquarters USAF 1982
THE ARMY AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR II: COMBAT CHRONOLOGY, 1941-1945 by the
Office of Air Force History, Headquarters USAF, 1973
THE MIGHTY EIGHTH WAR DIARY by Roger A. Freeman, ISBN 1-85409-071-2


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