HISTORY




THE STORY OF THE U. S. ARMY'S SOLDIER-RAILROADERS IN EUROPE DURING WORLD WAR II (59 K)


The Story of the U. S. Army's Soldier-Railroaders
in Europe During World War II


Overview: Military Railroading in WW II Europe

   This section is under construction.

Railway Operation Battalions in the ETO

   This section is under construction.


Links to ROBs on the Web
  • Link 1
  • Link 2

Image Gallery I: Unloading at Normandy

   The following series of photos shows the landing of U. S. Army railway equipment directly on the Normandy beaches sometime during the Summer of 1944. Though undoubtedly U. S. Coast Guard (Public Information Division) photographs, the images were culled from the Usenet newsgroup alt.binaries.pictures.rail, a collection of postings by David Reichley.



IMAGE 1 (17 K)
Image 1: A land track stretches over the sandy French coast to meet a Coast Guard-manned LST which is ferrying freight cars from England. When the tracks built in the LST's tank deck connect with those on shore, the freight cars will roll easily onto the beach, ready for operation on the vast rail network which supplies Allied armies on the Western Front (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 2 (10 K)
Image 2: Freight cars of the Army Transportation Corps emerge from the steel jaws of a Coast Guard-manned LST resting on the French beach to complete their journey to the Western Front with supplies for Allied armies. The tank deck of the big tank landing ship is equipped with rail tracks, enabling the vessel to serve as a floating link between railroads in Britain and France (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 3 (9 K)
Image 3: Preparations on the LST as it nears the beach (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 4 (9 K)
Image 4: Preparations on the beach (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 5 (12 K)
Image 5: More rail cars of the U. S. Army Transportation Corps leave the LST (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 6 (9 K)
Image 6: Preparations continue on the beach (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 7 (12 K)
Image 7: The car-unloading ramp is prepared (click to enlarge).


IMAGE 8 (9 K)
Image 8: Preparations on the LST as it nears the beach (click to enlarge).



Credits: Images 1 – 8, U. S. Coast Guard.


Special Report: Railway Guns of WW II

8-INCH GUN (29 K)    On February 7, 1941, the Baldwin Locomotive Works formally turned over to the Army Ordnance Department, exactly on schedule, the first 8-inch railroad gun manufactured by American industry since 1918. (In the photo at left, the first of the new railway gun mounts is shown leaving the Baldwin Shop at Eddystone, PA. Charles E. Brinley, President of the company, can be seen at the right preparing to climb aboard the gun carriage.) While a group of high-ranking Army officers and Baldwin executives looked on, a locomotive hauled the 225,000-pound weapon from the Baldwin assembly floor to the yards for official acceptance by the Ordnance Department. Capable of hurling a 260-pound shell a distance of 18 miles, the powerful cannon shortly afterward left on a 250-mile track test run over the Pennsylvania Railroad's line to Harrisburg, PA, and thence to Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, where firing tests were conducted. Heading the delegation of Army officers present were Brigadier General R. W. Case, Commanding General of Watertown Arsenal, and Major D. N. Hauseman, Executive Officer, Philadelphia Ordnance District, who accepted the gun for the Ordnance Department. Charles E. Brinley, President of The Baldwin Locomotive Works, in formally presenting the gun, said: "General Case, Major Hauseman. On behalf of The Baldwin Locomotive Works, I take pleasure in turning over to you this 8-inch railway gun mount, the first of the lot now on order, and I assure you that with this gun mount is included the loyalty and devotion of the whole Baldwin organization to the United States of America in all its Services." Major Hauseman, in accepting the gun, said: "This gun is the first of many. The contractors, The Baldwin Locomotive Works, are to be congratulated on their fine performance in meeting their first delivery date on a difficult order new to industry." Overall length of the gun and mount was 49 feet, 6 inches. Width of the carriage was 10 feet, 2 inches. Despite its great weight, the gun could travel with high-speed freight or artillery trains and upon arriving at its firing point could quickly be emplaced for action. The mount for the gun was known as the 8-inch Barbette Carriage, a new design, so constructed that 360-degree traverse and 45-degree elevation were possible. Adapting commercial railroad car construction practice, the carriage was similar to the standard railway car of the drop-frame type with structural steel underframe, mounted on special heavy-duty trucks. Air brakes, hand brakes, couplings and fittings were railroad-standard. Outriggers and "floats" were provided to take up recoil shock during firing. The firing platform was operated hydraulically, permitting emplacement within a matter of minutes. This type of gun mount was exceptionally vital to defense because of its extreme mobility and the ease and speed with which it could be put into action. It was a defensive weapon ideally suited for protection of the long coastlines of the U. S.

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Image Gallery: U. S. & Other Railway Guns of WW II

14-INCH RAILWAY GUN (16 K)

Image 1: One of the two 14-inch railway guns stationed at Fort MacArthur, San Pedro, California. This photograph was taken north of Oceanside, California, by Maj. George Ruhlen in 1937. Two of these guns were stationed on the fort's Lower Reservation by 1929. These guns were mounted on special carriages that could be moved by rail to prepared firing positions. They could fire their 1,400-pound projectiles a distance of 27 miles.


RAILWAY GUN ON SAIPAN (44 K)

Image 2: Railway gun on narrow-gauge sugar-cane railroad tracks on hillside above Magicienne Bay, Saipan, Summer 1944. [ Source ]


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